The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme, established in 1968, is a demanding pre-university course of study that leads to examinations; it is designed for highly motivated secondary school students aged 16 to 19. The programme has earned a reputation for rigorous assessment; giving IB diploma holders access to the world’s leading universities. The IB has shown, over more than 30 years, that students are well prepared for university work.
The Diploma Programme’s grading system is criterion referenced: each student’s performance is measured against well-defined levels of achievement consistent from one examination session to the next. Grades reflect attainment of knowledge and skills relative to set standards that are applied equally to all schools.
The Diploma Programme is a comprehensive two-year international curriculum that generally also allows students to fulfill the requirements of their national or state education systems. In Ecuador, we are working closely with the requirements of the Ministry of Education for this to happen. The Diploma Programme incorporates the best elements of national systems without being based on any single system. Internationally mobile students are able to transfer from one IB school to another, while students who remain closer to home benefit from a highly respected international curriculum.
The IB’s goal is to provide students with the values and opportunities that will enable them to develop critical thinking and intercultural understanding, make wise choices, and respect others in the global community. The Diploma Programme equips students with the skills and attitudes necessary for success in higher education and employment.
The programme has the strengths of a broad curriculum (six courses) and has three important additional features that make the IB core:
- Theory of Knowledge (TOK)
- Creativity, Action, Service (CAS)
- Extended Essay